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Abdomen - definition.



This is the part of the body trunk between the thorax(chest) and the pelvis. 

Commonly called belly, abdomen occupies the lower half of the body trunk, below the chest that separates the diaphragm muscle and above the pelvis that contains the bladder and the genitals.
 
The cavity is lined internally with a membrane, called peritoneum, which envelops the various visceral organs and tissues forward and leaves behind a retroperitoneal region.

It contains mainly the kidneys and the urinary tract, lymph and connective tissue, which pass the great vessels (aorta, inferior vena cava) and nerves.





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