What Is Sore Teeth Anyway?
Most tooth soreness problems can be associated to exposed dentins. The inner layer of the teeth, known as the dentin is partly covered by the enamel and partly by your gums. Between it and the tooth’s nerve centre, the dentin has numerous connective channels.
So, if either the top layer of the teeth (enamel) wears off or your gums recede away slightly, then it will automatically expose the dentin. So, every time you have something hot or cold in such a situation, the respective stimuli get passed on to the nerve centre via the exposed dentine in extra quick time. And since this nerve centre can only respond to such stimuli through pain sensations, you feel its effect in the form of sore teeth.
What Can Cause Sore Teeth?
Several factors ranging from general wear and tear of the teeth to exclusive dental complications would result in tooth sensitivity. Some of the more prominent reasons are listed below:
Improper Brushing of Teeth: If you use a hard-bristled tooth brush or apply too much force while brushing, then it can result in exposure of the dentin, because the enamel gets worn down faster.
Gingivitis: This is gum disease characterized by sore and inflamed gum tissues. As a result, you will experience an electrifyingly painful sensitivity from different elements such as temperature, air pressure, sweetness etc if your gums suffer from gingivitis.
Tooth Decay: Sore teeth can also be caused if there is decay in the teeth along the line of the gums.
Recession of Gums: Either due to natural circumstances or dental conditions like periodontal disease, the gums tend to recede away and expose the surface of the root in turn, which can lead to soreness.
Plaque Build-up: If you do not maintain proper dental hygiene, then it may promote the growth of bacteria around the area caused by plaque depositing there over time. These bacteria can then enter the pulp and produce soreness. Plaque build-up may also occur around broken or chipped tooth and cause sensitivity in the long run.
Dental Products: Certain types of mouthwash products contain acids that can aggravate tooth sensitivity if your dentins are already exposed. Sore teeth are also caused by cosmetic chemicals like teeth whitening creams.
General Wear: Over time, enamels do get worn out, and if you take a lot of sour of high acid foods, then that would further affect the soreness around the exposed teeth.
Treatment Options For Sore Teeth
Tooth sensitivity can either be treated by using in-home products or by visiting a dentist. In home treatment solutions mainly include the use of soft-bristled tooth brush and special desensitizing toothpastes. You could even try out a mouth wash containing fluorides and potassium salts, as it too can reduce sensitivity to some extent.
The other option is to visit the dentist and get the problem sorted out. This is commonly referred to as in-office treatment. Your dentist may either choose to apply sealants over the exposed root to protect it from sensitive stimuli or recommend you to use a specially designed retainer if the soreness is caused from constant grinding of the teeth. In some cases, special treatments such as ‘ionto-phoresis’ or low intensity laser therapy is also be employed.